Traumatic Brain Injury

Estimated Age of First Exposure to American Football and Neurocognitive Performance Amongst NCAA Male Student‑Athletes: A Cohort Study

Written by on April 1, 2019 in Traumatic Brain Injury

Jaclyn B. Caccese1, Ryan M. DeWolf2, Thomas W. Kaminski1,3, Steven P. Broglio4, Thomas W. McAllister5, Michael McCrea6, Thomas A. Buckley1,3, CARE Consortium Investigators

Repetitive head impacts in young athletes are potentially detrimental to later life (e.g., age 50 + years) neurological function; however, it is unknown what the short-term effects (e.g., age 20 years) are in collegiate student-athletes.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the estimated age of first exposure to American tackle football participation on neurocognitive performance and symptom severity scores in collegiate student-athletes.

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Does a Unique Neuropsychiatric Profile Currently Exist for Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy?

Written by on March 27, 2017 in Traumatic Brain Injury

Faith M. Hanlon, PhD1; Christopher A. McGrew, MD, FACSM2,3; and Andrew R. Mayer, PhD1,4,5

There is evidence that repetitive mild traumatic brain injury leads to specific patterns of neuropathological findings, labeled chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). However, questions remain about whether these neuropathological changes produce changes in behavior, cognition, and emotional status that are associated with a unique neuropsychiatric profile that can be assessed using currently available clinical tools.

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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: A Potential Late Effect of Sport-Related Concussive and Subconcussive Head Trauma

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Traumatic Brain Injury with 0 Comments

Authors: Brandon E. Gavett, PhDa,b, Robert A. Stern, PhDa,b, Ann C. McKee, MDa,b,c,d,

Source: Clin Sports Med 30 (2011) 179–188

It has been understood for decades that certain sporting activities may increase an athlete’s risk of developing a neurodegenerative disease later in life.

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Long-term Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Sports: What Is the Evidence?

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Traumatic Brain Injury with 0 Comments

Authors: Gary S. Solomon, PhDa,*, Summer D. Ott, PsyDb, Mark R. Lovell, PhDc

Source: Clin Sports Med 30 (2011) 165–177

Perhaps no issue in sports medicine has attracted so much attention in the media and popular press as the issue of potential long-term consequences of sports-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI or concussion). This issue resulted in several congressional hearings in 2009 and 2010 and has led to changes in management policies at the professional, collegiate, and high-school sports levels.

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A Critical Review of Neuroimaging Applications in Sports Concussion

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Traumatic Brain Injury with 0 Comments

Authors: Dalin T. Pulsipher, PhD1,2, Richard A. Campbell, PhD1, Robert Thoma, PhD1, and John H. King, PhD1

Source: The American College of Sports Medicine

While abnormalities related to concussion are typically not identified on traditional clinical neuroimaging (i.e., computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), more sophisticated neuroimaging techniques have the potential to reveal the complex neurometabolic processes related to concussion and its recovery.

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When to Consider Retiring an Athlete After Sports-Related Concussion

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Traumatic Brain Injury with 0 Comments

Authors: Cara L. Sedney, MDa,*, John Orphanos, MDb, Julian E. Bailes, MDb

Source: Clin Sports Med 30 (2011) 189–200

The decision to retire an athlete due to sports-related concussion is often a controversial one, fraught with conflicting pressures from the athlete and others involved in the sport. Postconcussion syndrome has long been recognized as resulting from participating in sports and is discussed in sports medicine texts.

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Brain Advance Access: White matter integrity and cognition in chronic traumatic brain injury: a diffusion tensor imaging study

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Traumatic Brain Injury with 0 Comments

Authors: Marilyn F. Kraus1,2,7, Teresa Susmaras2,8, Benjamin P. Caughlin2,8,9, Corey J. Walker2,8, John A. Sweeney1,2,3,4,7 and Deborah M. Little2,3,5,6,7,8

Source: Originally published online on September 14, 2007; Brain 2007 130(10):2508-2519; doi:10.1093/brain/awm216

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem. Even injuries classified as mild, the most common, can result in persistent neurobehavioural impairment. Diffuse axonal injury is a common finding after TBI, and is presumed to contribute to outcomes, but may not always be apparent using standard neuroimaging.

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Clinics in neurology and neurosurgery of sport: traumatic cerebral contusion

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Traumatic Brain Injury with 0 Comments

Authors: G Davis, D Marion, B George, O Hamel, M Turner and P McCrory

This case highlights the difficulties encountered in managing a sports player with traumatic brain injury. Fortunately, most head injuries in sport are minor and recover completely. Although the consensus definition1 of sports concussion emphasizes the lack of structural brain injury, this is not the case with more severe injuries..

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