Research Articles

Medical report from the 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Research Articles, Soccer

Jiri Dvorak, Astrid Junge, Katharina Grimm, Donald Kirkendall

To continue the injury surveillance of FIFA-sponsored football tournaments and report on other medical aspects of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

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Head accelerations across collegiate, high school and youth female and male soccer players

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Research Articles, Soccer

Jaclyn B Caccese

I investigated (1) head acceleration during purposeful football heading across age and sex and (2) determinants of head impact severity.

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Injury risk and a tackle ban in youth Rugby Union: reviewing the evidence and searching for targeted, effective interventions. A critical review

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Research Articles, Rugby

Ross Tucker,1 Martin Raftery,2 Evert Verhagen3

It has recently been proposed that the tackle, an integral part of Rugby Union, be banned in school rugby, as a means to reduce the risk of injury. This proposal held that harmful contact should be removed in response to what was termed an unacceptably high-injury risk. Such a ban would represent a significant intervention that could change the nature of Rugby Union.

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Risk factors for head injury events in professional Rugby Union: A video analysis of 464 head injur events to inform proposed injury prevention strategies

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Research Articles, Rugby

Tucker, R., Raftery, M., Kemp, S.

The tackle is responsible for the majority of head injuries during Rugby Union. In order to address head injury risk, risk factors during the tackle must first be identified. This study analysed tackle characteristics in the professional game in order to inform potential interventions.

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Reducing musculoskeletal injury and concussion risk in schoolboy rugby players with a pre-activity movement control exercise programme: a cluster randomised controlled trial

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Research Articles, Rugby

Michael D Hislop,1 Keith A Stokes,1 Sean Williams,1 Carly D McKay,1 Mike E England,2 Simon P T Kemp,2 Grant Trewartha1

Injury risk in youth rugby has received much attention, highlighting the importance of establishing evidence-based injury reduction strategies.

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A six year prospective study of the incidence and causes of head and neck injuries in international football

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Research Articles, Rugby

C W Fuller, A Junge, J Dvorak

To identify those risk factors that have the greatest impact on the incidence of head and neck injuries in international football.

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Emergency Department Visits for Sports- and Recreation-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Children — United States, 2010–2016

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Children and Concussion, Research Articles

Kelly Sarmiento, MPH1; Karen E. Thomas, MPH2; Jill Daugherty, PhD1; Dana Waltzman, PhD1; Juliet K. Haarbauer-Krupa, PhD1; Alexis B. Peterson, PhD1; Tadesse Haileyesus, MS2; Matthew J. Breiding, PhD1

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), including concussions, are at the forefront of public concern about athletic injuries sustained by children. Caused by an impact to the head or body, a TBI can lead to emotional, physiologic, and cognitive sequelae in children (1). Physiologic factors (such as a child’s developing nervous system and thinner cranial bones) might place children at increased risk for TBI (2,3). A previous study demonstrated that 70% of emergency department (ED) visits for sports- and recreation-related TBIs (SRR-TBIs) were among children (4). Because surveillance data can help develop prevention efforts, CDC analyzed data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System–All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP)*

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Returning to Learning Following a Concussion

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Children and Concussion, Research Articles

Mark E. Halstead, MD, FAAP, Karen McAvoy, PsyD, Cynthia D. Devore, MD, FAAP, Rebecca Carl, MD, FAAP, Michael Lee, MD, FAAP, Kelsey Logan, MD, FAAP, Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness, and Council on School Health

Following a concussion, it is common for children and adolescents to experience difficulties in the school setting. Cognitive difficulties, such as learning new tasks or remembering previously learned material, may pose challenges in the classroom.

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Among Children

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Children and Concussion, Research Articles

Angela Lumba-Brown, MD; Keith Owen Yeates, PhD; Kelly Sarmiento, MPH; Matthew J. Breiding, PhD; TamaraM. Haegerich, PhD; Gerard A. Gioia, PhD; Michael Turner, MD; Edward C. Benzel, MD; Stacy J. Suskauer, MD; Christopher C. Giza, MD; Madeline Joseph, MD; Catherine Broomand, PhD; BarbaraWeissman, MD;Wayne Gordon, PhD; DavidW.Wright, MD; Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, PhD; Karen McAvoy, PhD; Linda Ewing-Cobbs, PhD; Ann-Christine Duhaime, MD; Margot Putukian, MD; Barbara Holshouser, PhD; David Paulk, EdD; Shari L.Wade, PhD; Stanley A. Herring, MD; Mark Halstead, MD; Heather T. Keenan, MD, PhD; Meeryo Choe, MD; CindyW. Christian, MD; Kevin Guskiewicz, PhD, ATC; P. B. Raksin, MD; Andrew Gregory, MD; Anne Mucha, PT, DPT; H. Gerry Taylor, PhD; JamesM. Callahan, MD; John DeWitt, PT, DPT, ATC; MichaelW. Collins, PhD; MichaelW. Kirkwood, PhD; John Ragheb, MD; Richard G. Ellenbogen, MD; Theodore J. Spinks, MD; Theodore G. Ganiats, MD; Linda J. Sabelhaus, MLS; Katrina Altenhofen, MPH; Rosanne Hoffman, MPH; TomGetchius, BA; Gary Gronseth, MD; Zoe Donnell, MA; Robert E. O’Connor,MD, MPH; Shelly D. Timmons, MD, PhD

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, in children is a rapidly growing public health concern because epidemiologic data indicate a marked increase in the number of emergency department visits for mTBI over the past decade. However, no evidence-based clinical guidelines have been developed to date for diagnosing and managing pediatric mTBI in the United States.

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Kids and concussions – the latest science on risks and long-term effects

Written by on May 13, 2019 in Children and Concussion, Research Articles

Isaac was 7 years old when he sustained his first concussion. He playing non-contact hockey. Joanna was 15 years old when she got her first concussion while playing competitive soccer. It was a long and hard road to recovery for both of them. They each suffered a number of setbacks and subsequent concussions. And they are just two examples of a silent epidemic that stems from playing sports.

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