Research Articles

Protective Equipment and the Prevention of Concussion V What Is the Evidence?

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Equipment with 0 Comments

Authors: Rodolfo R. Navarro, MD

Various types of protective equipment have been used as a means to prevent concussions, and protective equipment is being used more frequently in different sports. Recent investigations have suggested that a protective, but not preventive, effect may be afforded by mouthguard use in rugby players, headgear use in soccer players, and customized mandibular orthotic use in football players.

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Helmets and Mouth Guards: The Role of Personal Equipment in Preventing Sport-Related Concussions.

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Equipment with 0 Comments

Authors: Daniel H. Daneshvar, MAa,*, Christine M. Baugh, ABa,; Christopher J. Nowinski, ABa,b, Ann C. McKee, MDa,; Robert A. Stern, PhDa, Robert C. Cantu, MDa,b,c,d,e

Protective headgear and helmets decrease the potential for severe TBI after a collision by reducing the acceleration of the head on impact, thereby decreasing the brain-skull collision and the sudden deceleration-induced axonal injury.

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Is protective equipment useful in preventing concussion? A systematic review of the literature.

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Equipment with 0 Comments

Authors: B W Benson,1 G M Hamilton,1 W H Meeuwisse,1 P McCrory,2 J Dvorak3

To determine if there is evidence that equipment use reduces sport concussion risk and/or severity.

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Does rugby headgear prevent concussion? Attitudes of Canadian players and coaches

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Equipment with 0 Comments

Authors: J A Pettersen

Source: www.bjsportmed.com

Although most players in the study believe that rugby headgear may prevent concussion, only a minority reported wearing it. Coaches tended to be less convinced than the players that rugby headgear can prevent concussion.

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Rugby Headgear Study

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Equipment with 0 Comments

Source: Dr Andrew McIntosh, Biomechanics and Gait Laboratory, School of Safety Science, University of New South Wales.

The effectiveness of headgear in reducing injury in rugby union football was studied during 2002 and 2003 in Sydney, Australia, using a randomised controlled trial study design.

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Do mouthguards prevent concussion?

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Equipment with 0 Comments

Authors: Paul McCrory

Source: Br. J. Sports Med. 2001;35;81-82

One of the most commonly held myths in sports medicine is the premise that wearing a mouthguard will prevent concussion. The origins of this contention are obscure, but an evidence based review of the scientific support for this concept has not been previously published..

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Medical Therapies for Concussion

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Treatment with 0 Comments

Authors: William P. Meehan III, MDa,b

Source: Clin Sports Med 30 (2011) 115–124

The following article reviews the current recommendations for the management of sport-related concussion and some of the previously studied, potential therapies for the signs and symptoms of concussive brain injury in general. It is not an exhaustive review of all possible candidates for therapy, but rather a discussion of some of the more common recommendations, common therapies, and potential medications with the most published data available.

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Should we treat concussion pharmacologically?

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Treatment with 0 Comments

Authors: P McCrory

Source: Br. J. Sports Med. 2002;36;3-5

Having recently returned from a series of meetings around the world I am amazed at the extreme variability in clinical sports medicine and research that exists in different countries. I am struck by many similar complaints by geographically disparate clinicians.

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No neurochemical evidence for brain injury caused by heading in soccer

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Soccer with 0 Comments

Authors: Zetterberg H, Jonsson M, Rasulzada A, Popa C, Styrud E, Hietala M, Rosengren L, Wallin A, Blennow K

Source: Br J Sports Med 2007; 41: 574-577

In a controlled filed study, repeated low-severity head impacts due to heading in soccer were not associated with any neurochemical changes (serum and cerebrospinal fluid) indicating possible signs of injury to the brain.

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The effect of protective headgear on head injuries and concussions in adolescent football (soccer) players

Written by on May 22, 2013 in Soccer with 0 Comments

Authors: TJ S Delaney A Al-Kashmiri, R Drummond, J A Correa

Source: Br. J. Sports Med. 2008;42;110-115

To examine the effects of protective headgear in adolescent football (soccer) players. Adolescent football players experience a significant number of concussions. Being female may increase the risk of suffering a concussion and injuries on the head and face, while the use of football headgear may decrease the risk of sustaining these injuries.

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