Assessment

A review of modifying factors affecting usage of diagnostic rating scales in concussion management

Written by on January 19, 2016 in Assessment

Authors: Alexa Dessya,∗, JonathanRasoulia, AlexGometzb, TanvirChoudhria

Sport-related concussion has gained increasing recognition as a result of recent legislation, public health initiatives and media coverage. Moreover,there have been substantial paradigm shifts in the management of concussion. This article will discuss the variables that affect the use of diagnostic rating scales such as ImPACT and SCAT in the current management of concussed individuals.

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Fifty shades of grey: concussion complexities and constructive conclusions

Written by on January 19, 2016 in Assessment

Authors: Jonathan Patricios,1,2,3 Michael Makdissi4,5

Concussion remains prominent in the medical and scientific literature but its assessment and management remain somewhat ‘grey’ and ill defined. The key issues related to concussion are widely discussed in the public arena. While these discussions should contribute to an improved understanding of concussion in the broader community, confusing messages are being driven by different agendas.

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Comprehending concussion: evolving and expanding our clinical insight

Written by on January 19, 2016 in Assessment

Authors: Michael Makdissi,1,2,3 and Jon Patricios 4,5,6

Concussion in sport has been defined as a “complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain, induced by biomechanical factors.”1 The condition is characterised by “a graded set of clinical symptoms that may or may not involve loss of consciousness.”

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King-Devick Test for Concussion

Written by on February 20, 2015 in Assessment

Authors: Various Sources, referenced within article.

Concussion, particularly in relation to sports and combat activities, is increasingly recognized as a potential cause of both short- and long-term neurologic sequelae. This review will focus on the neuro-ophthalmologic findings associated with concussion, the current tests for concussion, and the potential for visual performance measures to improve our detection and assessment of concussions.

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What are the most effective risk-reduction strategies in sport concussion?

Written by on January 19, 2015 in Assessment

Authors: Brian W Benson,1 Andrew S McIntosh,2 David Maddocks,3,4 Stanley A Herring,5 Martin Raftery,6 Jiří Dvořák7

To critically review the evidence to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of protective equipment, rule changes, neck strength and legislation in reducing sport concussion risk.

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Five years post whiplash injury: Symptoms and psychological factors in recovered versus non-recovered

Written by on January 19, 2015 in Assessment

Authros: Daniel Merrick and Britt-Marie Stålnacke*

Few studies have focused on the differences between persons who are recovered after whiplash injury and those who suffer from persistent disability. The primary aim of this study was therefore to examine differences in symptoms, psychological factors and life satisfaction between subjects classified as recovered and those with persistent disability five years after whiplash injury based on the Neck Disability Index (NDI).

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Effect of Neck Muscle Strength and Anticipatory Cervical Muscle Activation on the Kinematic Response of the Head to Impulsive Loads

Written by on January 19, 2015 in Assessment

Authors: James T. Eckner,*yz MD, Youkeun K. Oh,§ PhD, Monica S. Joshi,§ MS, James K. Richardson,y MD, and James A. Ashton-Miller,§k PhD Investigation performed at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Greater neck strength and activating the neck muscles to brace for impact are both thought to reduce an athlete’s risk of concussion during a collision by attenuating the head’s kinematic response after impact.

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Does Cervical Muscle Strength in Youth Ice Hockey Players Affect Head Impact Biomechanics?

Written by on January 19, 2015 in Assessment

Authors: Jason P. Mihalik, PhD, CAT(C), ATC,*† Kevin M. Guskiewicz, PhD, ATC,*† Stephen W. Marshall, PhD,‡ Richard M. Greenwald, PhD,§¶ J. Troy Blackburn, PhD, ATC,†k
and Robert C. Cantu, MD

To evaluate the effect of cervical muscle strength on head impact biomechanics.

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Collegiate and high school athlete neck strength in neutral and rotated postures

Written by on January 19, 2015 in Assessment

Authors: Kasee j. Hildenbrand and anita n. Vasavada

Hildenbrand, KJ and Vasavada, AN. Collegiate and high school athlete neck strength in neutral and rotated postures. J Strength Cond Res 27(11): 3173–3182, 2013—A knowledge of neck strength is important for developing conditioning protocols and for evaluating the relationship between neck strength and head and neck injury, but very few studies have examined neck strength in relationship to athletic participation.

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Sports concussion management in the South African environment

Written by on January 19, 2015 in Assessment

Author: Dr Jon Patricios

Together with the rest of the sporting world, South Africa has followed a decade-long evolution in clinical evaluation and care of the concussed athletes. Moreover, with the collision sport of rugby union accounting for by far the largest number of cases of concussion, we have adapted our protocols to reach the diverse populations playing this sport, intertwine clinical know-how with grassroots education of the public, coaches and referees and make the clinical assessment template more comprehensive.

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